1. 4CN with good connections to the reading and the lecture. 2. Map Activity (The Russian Empire and bordering states). 3. Timeline Activity 4. S.C.R.I.P.T.E.D.: Romanov Russia 5. Alike But Different:: Russia During the Ivans, Renaissance Europe, Ming China. (Yeah, you'll have to research Ming China) 6. Small Group Discussion Reflections
Describe the political, cultural, and economic effects of Mongol Occupation on Russian civilization. (I know someone who's excited about this one!)
Trace Russia's expansion under the Ivans.
Summarize the extent of Westernization under Peter the Great.
Summarize the extent of Westernization under Catherine the Great.
Describe the nature of Russian serfdom.
Explain how Russia became economically dependent on the West.
Identify the bases for culture of the Russian masses.
Compare characteristics of eastern Europe with Russia.
Evaluate Catherine the Great's assessment of herself as an "Enlightened monarch."
Describe the effect of Westernization in Russia during the 17th and 18th centuries and whether the process overcame the separation of Russia from the West.
Socratic Circle Preparation
Use the following readings to prepare for Socratic discussion on topics related to Pugachev's Rebellion, Radishchev's opposition, and the state of 18th Century Russian society. Feel free to do further research on the topics.
Ivan III (the Great): Prince of the Duchy of Moscow; responsible for freeing Russia from the Mongols; took the title of tsar (Caesar).
Third Rome: Russian claim to be the successor of the Roman and Byzantine empires.
Ivan IV (the Terrible): confirmed power of tsarist autocracy by attacking the authority of the boyars; continued policy of expansion; established contacts with western European commerce and culture.
Cossacks: peasant-adventurers with agricultural and military skills recruited to conquer and settle in newly seized lands in southern Russia and Siberia.
Time of Troubles: early 17th century period of boyar efforts to regain power and foreign invasion following the death without an heir of Ivan IV; ended with the selection of Michael Romanov as tsar in 1613.
Romanov dynasty: ruled Russia from 1613 to 1917.
Alexis Romanov: 2nd ruler of the dynasty; abolished assemblies of nobles; gained new powers over the Orthodox church.
Old Believers: conservative Russians who refused to accept the ecclesiastical reforms of Alexis Romanov; many were exiled to southern Russia or Siberia.
Peter I (the Great): tsar from 1689 to 1725; continued growth of absolutism and conquest; sought to change selected aspects of the economy and culture through imitation of western European models.
St. Petersburg: Baltic city made the new capital of Russia by Peter I.
Catherine the Great: German-born Russian tsarina; combined receptivity to selective Enlightenment ideas with strong centralizing policies; converted the nobility to a service aristocracy by granting them new power over the peasantry.
Partition of Poland: three separate divisions of Polish territory between Russia, Prussia and Austria in 1772, 1793, and 1795; eliminated Poland as an independent state.
obruk: labor obligations of Russian peasants owed either to their landlords or to the state; part of the increased burdens placed on the peasantry during the 18th century.
Pugachev rebellion: unsuccessful peasant rising led by cossack Emelyan Pugachev during the 1770s; typical of peasant unrest during the 18th century and thereafter.
For God's sake, trust me, you only want to use these for review. Do not think that they are all you need to read, note, or know.