2.1.1: Codifications and further developments of existing religious traditions provided a bond among the people and an ethical code to live by.
Content on this Page:
- Maps and Images
- Important Documents
- Depth and Enrichment
- Jewish monotheism and the codification of the Hebrew scriptures
- Eastern Mediterranean conquests: Assyrian, Babylonian, and Roman Empires conquered Jewish states, contributing to diasporic communities.
- Sanskrit scriptures form the basis of Vedic religions (Hinduism), contributing to the development of the caste system
3. Maps and Images
The Jews revolted against Rome in 66 CE. After four years of fighting the Romans put down the rebellion in 70 C.E. and destroyed the Second Temple in Jerusalem. The Romans massacred much of the population. Though some Jews remained in Israel, most fled the country, thus beginning a two-thousand year odyssey in the Diaspora.
4. Important Readings
This BBC article describes the origins and nature of the Caste System and makes connections to challenges in modern-day India.
This excerpt from the Bhagavad Gita demonstrates the concept of dharma within ones caste. Don't worry about the second half on Buddhism--I mean, don't worry yet...
Thanks to Mr. Dobbie for recording his 2.1.1 lecture!