1. What was the nature of the military organization established by Chinggis (Genghis) Khan?
2. What was the nature of the administration of the Mongol empire under Chinggis Khan?
3. What was the impact of the Mongol conquest of Russia and of the Islamic heartlands?
4. What was the impact of the Mongol conquest on Chinese society and political structure?
5. What were the positive aspect of the Mongol conquests?
6. How did the conquests of Timur-i Lang contrast with those of the Mongols?
Big Picture Questions
1. Discuss how the Mongol conquests can be said to have brought an end to the postclassical civilizations in Eastern Europe, Western Europe, and Islam.
2. Discuss the proposition that the Mongol era was simply an extension of the incursions of nomadic peoples into the affairs of sedentary civilizations. In what sense was it a civilization in its own right?